to make sure we answer your question properly, let me make sure we talk of the same concepts. OME defines an Image as a multi-dimensional collection of planes. From your original post, I assume image refers to a single 2D plane and movie refers to a timelapse collection of planes.
Bio-Formats will not tell you whether a file header, a metadata file or any file has been modified from its original form. Doing so likely involves generating checksums of the original files at creation time. These checksums can be re-used later on to detect corrupted or missing files.
Bio-Formats will detect whether a file or a collection of files belongs to one of its supported imaging file formats. Once you have established a fileset as being of imaging type, the way to answer the second question you are asking is to read and introspect the metadata. This means using the API allows you to retrieve the dimensions of the image e.g. along the time dimension, whether it is RGB…
Hope these pointers help. If you have more specifics about what the use cases are trying to detect, sample files or scenarios might help driving the discussion.