I apologize for the long delay in my response. Here are my answers to the clarifying questions asked. These are pretty rough estimates.
On the large/fast end of things, I could see us collecting 5-10 images per second for perhaps 5 minutes. More likely we will be taking 1 image every couple of seconds over 5 to 10 minutes. At the fastest, 15~20 images per second for around a minute.
We will probably be running an experiment about once a week.
It would be most convenient to have all data storage and processing done on the computer that is with the scope. However, it would not be difficult to add an external storage device for additional space or backup.
Budget wise, I am hoping that a high end desktop PC with extra storage will be enough. We do not need anything crazy fast as far as data processing speeds go, but having it take an afternoon or a day instead of a week would be nice.
Again, these are rough estimates from someone who is totally new to this field. Please let me know if there is anything else I can clarify here.
Your patience and expertise is much appreciated.